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Winter Weather

Terms To Know

Winter Storm Watch: Indicates severe winter weather may affect your area.

Winter Storm Warning: Severe winter weather conditions will affect your area.


Winter Health Hazards

Frostbite: Severe reaction to cold exposure that can permanently damage its victims. Symptoms include a loss of feeling and a white or pale appearance in fingers, toes, ears and nose.

Hypothermia: Occurs when the body’s core temperature drops below normal. Symptoms include uncontrollable shivering, slow speech, memory lapses, frequent stumbling, and drowsiness. If frostbite or hypothermia is suspected, slowly warm the victim and seek immediate medical assistance.


Overexertion: Cold weather puts an added strain on the heart. Shoveling sow or pushing a car may cause a heart attack. Stay warm, dress warm, and slow down when working outdoors.


Winter Car Supplies

  • Several blankets and sleeping bags
  • Matches and candles
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Extra set of mittens, socks and wool caps
  • First Aid kit with pocket knife
  • Small sack of sand to generate traction
  • Small shovel, pliers, wrench and screwdriver
  • Windshield scraper and a small broom
  • Booster cables and distress flares
  • Set of tire chains or snow tires
  • Brightly colored cloth (to use as a flag)


Winter Driving Tips

  • Keep vehicles clear of ice and snow—good vision is key to good driving.
  • Always match you speed to road and weather conditions.
  • Plan your stops and keep more distance between cars.
  • Remember that snowdrifts and snow banks can hide small children.


If Stranded In A Vehicle

  • Stay in the vehicle. Do not leave the vehicle to search for assistance unless assistance is visible within 100 feet.
  • Display a trouble sign. Hang a brightly colored cloth on the radio antenna, raise the hood, and turn on hazard lights. At night, use the dome light.
  • Occasionally, run the engine to keep warm. Run the heater sparingly. Beware of carbon monoxide poisoning. Keep the exhaust pipe clear and open the downwind windows.
  • Do minor exercises to keep up circulation. Clap hands and move arms and legs. Try no to stay in one position for too long.
  • If there is more than one person in the car, take turns sleeping. Huddle together for warmth.

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